MMA Glossary

Ankle Lock

Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks.

Arm Bar

Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks.

Choke Holds

Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke.

Cut Man

The cut man helps stop the flow of blood from fighter’s cuts by applying coagulants. The UFC’s cut man is Leon Tabbs.

Eye Gouge

A Foul in the UFC. Digging the fingers in and around the opponent’s eye.

Fishhook

A Foul in the UFC. Hooking the fingers into an opponent’s mouth, nostrils, or ears and pulling at them.

Foot Stomp

Stomping on the opponent’s feet trying to damage the instep and fragile foot bones.

Gi

Japanese term for martial arts uniform.

Guillotine

Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke.

Head-Butt

Using the head to strike the opponent.

Joint Lock

Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks.

K.O.

Knock out. A fighter is knocked down and unconscious.

Knee Bar

Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks.

Leg Lock

Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks.

Mount Position

A dominant position where a fighter straddles his opponent on the ground.

Mouse

A dark swollen bruise around the eye.

Neck Crank

Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke.

No Holds Barred, (NHB)

Used to refer to fighting contests with few rules.

Octagon

The eight-sided fence enclosed fighting area that UFC matches are held in.

Rear Choke

Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke.

Reversal

Switching from being in a disadvantageous position to a superior one.

Submission

When a fighter signals surrender due to a submission hold, choke, or from strikes. The fighter can tap the mat three times or submit verbally.

Submission Hold

Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks.

Takedown

Usually occurs when a grappler takes his opponent to the ground.

Triangle Choke

Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke.

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